Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (Zela) said government should invite the Kimberly Process (KP) to audit the diamond sector, a local newspaper reports.
Association acting director Shamiso Mtisi was quoted by NewsDay as saying to a Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Mines and Energy last week that Zimbabwe’s last review was done in 2012 before the consolidation of operations in Marange.
Zimbabwe consolidated mining in Marange in 2015 to improve diamond revenue inflow to the treasury and arrest smuggling.
"Because of the changes that were done after the consolidation, there is need for review. The last review visit was based on mine to mine compliance. Government should invite KP to see if it’s still meeting the KP minimum requirements,” he said.
Mtisi said there were “grey areas” where there was non-compliance through smuggling, legal framework and bank transfers, where cash purchases of rough diamonds should be done through the bank.
"In Marange, we have heard cases of syndicate diggers; we have documented those kinds of cases. We have observed those kinds of situations playing out in Marange, at the moment there is ongoing illicit activities in Marange. Diamond is coming out of Marange as well.
"So what that means is that there is inadequate security. It means there is no compliance with KP requirements in terms of security,” he said.
Meanwhile, Centre for Natural Resource Governance executive director, Farai Maguwu, said the country could have lost more than $15 billion from Marange diamond revenue leakages and called for a forensic audit on exports not income.
"Since this is involving other nations, what we need to do is to approach the United Nations, like what the Democratic Republic of Congo did where a commission of enquiry was set up,” he said.
"I believe Zimbabwe can still do that, take a country like China, India and United Arab Emirates to the International Court of Arbitration and demand reparations for the looting of our diamonds.”